What is the NATO Trust Fund?
Trust Funds are voluntary, nationally-led and funded projects established under the framework of the NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) Trust Fund policy and focusing on demilitarization, security and defence transformation and capacity building. With about 30 projects launched since September 2000, this policy has proven to be a very effective tool combining practical support to a nation with a high degree of public diplomacy.
√ NATO Trust Funds are voluntary, nationally-led and funded projects.
Trust Funds are an integral part of NATO’s policy of developing practical security cooperation with partners. Any partner country with an individual programme of partnership and cooperation with NATO may request assistance.
Each project is led on a voluntary basis by a lead nation, which is responsible for gathering political and financial support for the project as well as selecting the executive agent for it.
Launched in 2000, the original aim of NATO/PfP Trust Funds was to assist partner countries with the safe destruction of stockpiled anti-personnel landmines, and thus to meet their respective obligations under the Ottawa Convention. The first such project was launched in Ukraine, followed by others in a number of Balkan countries as well as in other countries in the European neighbourhood.
Within a few years, the scope of the NATO/PfP Trust Funds was further expanded to support wider defence transformation initiatives through projects such as easing the transition to civilian life of former military personnel, converting military bases to civilian use, and promoting transparency, accountability and gender mainstreaming.
The Trust Fund mechanism is also being used to support defence capacity-building packages for certain countries facing significant security challenges, with a view to strengthening their defence and security institutions and capabilities.
√ Priorities: safe destruction of landmines, defence transformation and capacity-building.
NATO actively cooperates with other international organisations and relevant actors on Trust Fund projects to ensure coherence and effective implementation, as well as to avoid duplication of efforts. For example, the United Nations Development Programme has implemented a NATO-initiated Trust Fund for safe destruction of anti-personnel landmines in Tajikistan. NATO has also worked closely on Trust Fund projects with the European Union and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
Assistance to Ukraine
NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) Trust Fund project on safe destruction of antipersonnel landmines was launched in Ukraine in 2002 to assist Kyiv in meeting obligations under the Ottawa Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction. It was followed by the further projects on safe destruction of landmines, as well as obsolete and surplus arms and munitions. Currently, Ukraine II PfP Phase 2 Trust Fund project is being implemented with estimated budget of € 25 million.
√ Estimated total budget of the ongoing NATO Trust Fund projects for Ukraine is about € 40 million.
Launched in 2005, NATO’s Professional Development Programme (PDP) trains key civilian security and defence officials on effective democratic management and building local capacity. Phase 1 of the project was successfully fulfilled in 2006-2008; and since 2009, Phase 2 has been implementing in Ukraine with estimated budget of € 574,000. In 2015, with a significant budget increase, the programme trained over 2,500 Ukrainian officials.
In 2007, NATO nations decided to establish the Building Integrity (BI) Programme aimed at strengthening integrity, transparency, accountability and good governance in the defence and related security sector. Ukraine has been participating in the NATO BI Programme since its inception, and continues to benefit from the current tailor-made BI Programme Phase 3 assistance. In 2016-2017, lines of efforts focus on increasing individual and institutional resilience towards corruption in the defence and related security sector through education, training, strategic advising and embedding BI discipline in academies.
Established in 2011, Disposal of Radioactive Waste Trust Fund, with estimated budget of € 950,000, aims at the remediation of radioactive waste buried by the former USSR Armed Forces in the Zhytomyr region of Ukraine.
√ Six new Trust Funds for Ukraine have been established since 2014 Wales Summit.
As part of their response to the Russian aggressive actions against Ukraine, NATO member states decided at the Wales Summit, in September 2014, to launch five new Trust Funds to assist Ukraine in five critical areas: Command, Control, Communications and Computers (C4); Logistics and Standardization; Cyber Defence; Military Career Transition; and Medical Rehabilitation. The total budget of these new funds is about € 9 million; and the Allies and partner countries have already contributed more than a half of this amount. Besides, in response to a request from Ukraine, NATO agreed in June 2015 to launch a sixth Trust Fund on Counter-Improvised Explosive Devices and Explosive Ordnance Disposal.
NATO Trust Funds together with other tailored support measures under the Comprehensive Assistance Package for Ukraine endorsed at the Warsaw Summit in July 2016 will enable Ukraine to become more resilient, to better provide for its own security and to carry out essential reforms in the security and defence sector.
INFOGRAPHICS – Ongoing NATO Trust Fund Projects in Ukraine
Infographics is prepared by the East European Security Research Initiative Foundation with support of the NATO Information and Documentation Centre in Ukraine, within the project “NATO’s Support: Making Ukraine More Secure and Resilient” (Kyiv, 2016)